Abstracts

Beans, Peas, Lentils Can Significantly Reduce ‘Bad Cholesterol’ And Risk Of Heart Disease

Eating just 1 serving daily of legumes such as beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas can significantly reduce “bad cholesterol” and the risk of heart disease, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).[1]

High cholesterol levels are commonly associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, yet in the main they are modifiable through diet and other lifestyle choices. Most chronic disease prevention guidelines recommend consumption of non–oil-seed legumes (dietary pulses) such as beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas along with other vegetables and fruits as part of a healthy diet, although they have not made specific recommendations based on direct lipid-lowering benefits.

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Anal gas evacuation and colonic microbiota in patients with flatulence: effect of diet

Conclusions Patients complaining of flatulence have a poor tolerance of intestinal gas, which is associated with instability of the microbial ecosystem.[1]

Significance of this study

What is already known on this subject?

Faecal Microbiota Transplantation for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The use of faecal transplantation as a therapeutic tool for not only Clostridium Difficile Infection but as a mechanism for changing the composition of colonic microbiota for the purpose of resolving numerous persistent inflammatory conditions is starting to gain increased interest in the research and medical communities.

Medscape recently published a summary of many of the key areas and I have extracted and edited a small section for peoples review.

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Gut Bacteria Trigger Autism

Our gut microbiota can influence our state of mind, including our mood and behaviour. In the recent issue of Cell, scientists reported that the compositional and structural shifts of microbes and associated metabolites can trigger autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms.[1] (2013, Cell 155,1451).

Neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), are defined by core behavioural impairments; however, subsets of individuals display a spectrum of gastrointestinal (GI) abnormalities.

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Metabolites Produced By Commensal Bacteria Promote Peripheral Regulatory T-Cell Generation

Over the more recent past a number of strands of evolving discovery indicate that subsets of commensal microbes materially influence the gut and associated mucosal immune system. In particular the peripherally generated regulatory T cell has been seen as a powerful addition in maintaining mucosal homeostasis in the gut and provides unique benefits not delivered by thymically induced Treg alone.

For instance, colonisation with the bacterium Clostridia promotes extrathymic generation of regulatory T (Treg) cells that have a central role in the suppression of inflammatory and allergic responses.

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Stress Reduction Through Meditation May Aid In Slowing The Progression Of Alzheimer’s Disease

A pilot study shows promise for age-related cognitive diseases

The results of the study appeared online October 10 in Neuroscience Letters.[1]

It’s well known that the brains of mediators change, but it’s not entirely clear what those changes mean or how the changes might benefit the mediator. A new pilot study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre suggests that the brain changes associated with meditation and stress reduction may play an important role in slowing the progression of age-related cognitive disorders like Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia’s.

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New Study Shows Tocotrienols Reverse Fatty Liver Disease By Dr. Marilyn Arguillas, MD, FPCP, FPSG, FPSDE

Marilyn Arguillas is a gastroenterologist with a special interest in liver diseases particularly non-al­coholic fatty liver disease, chronic hepatitis, cirrho­sis and liver cancer. She is chair of Internal Med­icine-Gastroenterology at Davao Doctors Hospital in Davao City, Philippines. She was a member of the Executive Council of the Asian Pacific Associa­tion for the Study of the Liver (APASL) from 2006- 2010 and the President of the Hepatology Society of the Philippines from 2010-2012. In June of 2013 her findings on tocotrienols and fatty liver disease were presented as a Poster of Distinction by the Asian Pa­cific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) conference in Singapore.

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Taking Vitamin B may Reduce Incidence of Stroke

New evidence suggests that taking vitamin B supplements may help reduce the risk of stroke. The research appears in the September 18, 2013, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [1]

Previous studies have conflicting findings regarding the use of vitamin B supplements and stroke or heart attack,” said author Xu Yuming, with Zhengzhou University in Zhengzhou, China.

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Low Fat Milk – Too Much Too Often – No Evidence of Benefit

For more than a century, American and English parents have prodded their kids to drink three daily glasses of milk, but now the tide may be turning against this once seemingly essential beverage. A commentary published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics questions the value of three servings of milk daily and whether the harm outweighs the benefits when people drink reduced-fat milk instead of whole milk.[1]

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Introducing Gluten Into Infants’ Diets: Status of the Evidence

The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) and the Committee on Toxicity (COT) are both advisory committees of independent experts that provide advice to the Department of Health and Food Standards Agency in the United Kingdom.[1]

In March 2011, the committees jointly completed an in-depth review examining the most appropriate time to introduce gluten into an infant’s diet. They considered the available evidence to see whether the time that gluten is introduced into an infant’s diet affects the likelihood of developing coeliac disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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